CBSE Class 10 English Literature Reader Summary Chapter 10 Ozymandias
“Ozymandias” is a poem by Percy Bysshe Shelley that discusses the fleeting nature of power and fame. The poem describes the remnants of a statue of the Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II, also known as Ozymandias. The speaker describes the ruins of the statue, which lie in the desert, broken and decayed. The statue’s face is now a “sneer of cold command,” and the inscription on the pedestal reads, “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: / Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”
Despite the king’s claim of greatness, his works have crumbled into dust, and he is nothing but a memory. The poem ends with the speaker reflecting on the transience of all human endeavors, including those of the mighty king, and warning the reader against placing too much faith in the works of humankind.
The poem is a powerful reminder of the transience of power and the inevitability of time. It encourages readers to look beyond the works of humankind and to focus instead on the natural world and the enduring power of love and beauty.
Overall, “Ozymandias” is a haunting and poignant reminder of the impermanence of all things and the importance of living in the present moment.
End of Summary.
CBSE Class 10 English Literature Reader Important Questions Chapter 10 Ozymandias
- What is the central idea of the poem “Ozymandias”?
- How does the poet use the imagery of the statue to create a contrast between Ozymandias’s pride and his eventual downfall?
- What is the message conveyed by the inscription on the pedestal of the statue?
- What is the significance of the broken statue in the context of the poem?
- How does the poet use irony in the final lines of the poem to underscore the futility of power and fame?
- What is the tone of the poem “Ozymandias”? Give examples from the text to support your answer.
- Why is the poem considered a commentary on the fleeting nature of power and fame?
- What is the role of time in the poem “Ozymandias”? How does it contribute to the theme of the poem?
- How does the poem “Ozymandias” reflect the Romantic emphasis on the individual?
- How does the poem “Ozymandias” relate to the broader theme of mortality in Romantic literature?
CBSE Class 10 English Literature Reader Important Questions Answers Chapter 10 Ozymandias
What does the ruined statue of Ozymandias tell us about the mighty king?
Answer: The ruined statue of Ozymandias tells us that even the mightiest of kings cannot escape the ravages of time and that all their wealth and power are eventually reduced to dust.
What is the central idea of the poem ‘Ozymandias’?
Answer: The central idea of the poem ‘Ozymandias’ is the transience of power and the inevitable decline of even the mightiest of empires.
What does the inscription on the pedestal of the statue of Ozymandias say?
Answer: The inscription on the pedestal of the statue of Ozymandias reads, “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”
What does the expression ‘colossal wreck’ in the poem ‘Ozymandias’ signify?
Answer: The expression ‘colossal wreck’ in the poem ‘Ozymandias’ signifies the fallen statue of Ozymandias, which was once a symbol of his power and grandeur but is now reduced to a broken, lifeless monument.
What is the irony in the poem ‘Ozymandias’?
Answer: The irony in the poem ‘Ozymandias’ is that the king who boasted of his eternal power and greatness is now forgotten and his statue lies broken in the desert, serving as a reminder of the impermanence of all things.
CBSE Class 10 English Literature Reader Important Questions Answers MCQs Chapter 10 Ozymandias
Who wrote the poem ‘Ozymandias’?
a) William Shakespeare
b) Samuel Taylor Coleridge
c) John Keats
d) Percy Bysshe Shelley
Answer: d) Percy Bysshe Shelley
‘Ozymandias’ was originally published in
Answer: b) 1815
In the poem, Ozymandias is described as a
Answer: a) king
What is the central theme of the poem?
a) The transience of power and glory
b) The beauty of nature
c) The importance of human relationships
d) The inevitability of death
Answer: a) The transience of power and glory
The sculptor of the statue of Ozymandias is described as a/an
a) master craftsman
b) foolish man
d) anonymous artist
Answer: a) master craftsman
The phrase ‘sneer of cold command’ refers to
a) Ozymandias’ cruel nature
b) The sculptor’s attitude towards the statue
c) The passing of time
d) The power of the wind and sand
Answer: a) Ozymandias’ cruel nature
What is the significance of the shattered statue in the poem?
a) It represents the fragility of human achievements
b) It symbolizes the destructive power of nature
c) It indicates the fall of a civilization
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
The poem ‘Ozymandias’ is written in which form?
d) Free verse
Answer: a) Sonnet
What is the setting of the poem?
a) Ancient Greece
b) Ancient Rome
c) Ancient Egypt
d) Ancient India
Answer: c) Ancient Egypt
The poem ‘Ozymandias’ suggests that
a) power and glory are fleeting
b) human achievements are insignificant
c) nature is eternal
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Reader Chapter 10 Ozymandias
Look at the picture given below :
While on a sight-seeing tour to an old and mysterious country far away from home, you saw this statue. Discuss with your partner what this picture tells you about the people, the place and the ruler. Note down your ideas in the web-chart.
Write a letter to your friend about the sight you saw and your impression of it. (V. Imp.)
How are you? Today I want to share an exciting experience with you. Recently we went on a tour of Gujarat to attend Rann Utsav. While exploring through the desert, we came across a ruined statue — probably constructed by a ruler to glorify himself. The statue was badly dilapidated and symbolized the end of political tyranny. The broken statue instantly impressed upon us the impermanence of power. Nothing is long-lasting and is sure to get destroyed with the passage of time. The kings statue which once, must be grand and dignified, now lay in ruin without attention and is much neglected.
Nobody seems to case for the statue that shows its fall from grace and an emptiness around it. It is true that nobody can beat time and only good deeds of a person remain long after he has died. Yours lovingly Shobhit.
Answer the following questions by ticking the correct options.
(a) The poem is set in _________
(i) the wilderness
(ii) an ancient land
(iii) a pulace
(iv) a desert.
(ii) an ancient land
(b) The expression on the fiwe of the statue is one of _________
(c) This poem throws light on the _________ nature of OzymandLas.
(d) The sculptor was able to understand Ozymandias’ _________
(e) The tone of the poem is _________
Answer the following questions briefly:
(a) “The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed.” Whose hand and heart has the poet referred to in this line?
The hand and heart of king Ozymandias has been referred to by the poet in this line. Though he was a cruel and wicked king, he took great care of his people.
(b) “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings Why does Ozymandias refer to himself as King of Kings ? What quality of the king is revealed through this statement?
Ozymandias was proud of himself. He boasted about his greatness. The lines show that he was an arrogant king and thought himself to be the greatest among all kings.
(c) “Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair !” Who is Ozymandias referring to when . he speaks of ye Mighty? Why should they despair?
Ozymandias is referring to Ifts works. He boasts that his works are so magnificent that people can only admire them. Despair here means give up. They should despair whenever they try to imitate or surpass his work.
(d) Bring out the irony in the poem.
In Percy Bysshe Shelleys poem Ozymandias, there is an overriding irony presented to show the difference between the sculptor and the sculpture.
The poem’s irony revolves around Ozymandias himself. The great irony here was having the pharaoh narrate the poem, boasting of all his greatness and power, yet all that he has ‘established’ now lies in ruins, crumbling through time, slowly joining the surrounding sands.
Ozymandias was so full of authority, even though there was nothing left of what he boasts. His kingdom and his glory now lie in the sands with only stone slabs.
(e) ‘Nothing beside remains’. What does the narrator mean when he says these words?
These words mean that even the greatest are destroyed. Now nothing else remains except the stones.
(f) What is your impression of Ozymandias as a king?
Ozymandias was an arrogant and wicked king. He was proud of himself but he took care of his people. He wanted the people to see his works and praise him. He thought himself to be greater than any other king.
(g) What message is conveyed through this poem?
The poem conveys an important message that nothing lasts forever. Even the greatest kingdoms and political regimes are sure to crumble so one should never be proud of even the greatest fall one day or the other. So one should not be proud of oneself.
Identify and rewrite the lines from the poem spoken by the narrator, the traveller and Ozymandias:
The Narrator: I met a traveller from an antique land.
The Traveller: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone.
Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, who frown,
And wrinkled lips and sneer of cold command,
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read Ozymandias: “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Shelley’s sonnet follows the traditional structure of the fourteen-line Italian sonnet, featuring an opening octave, or set of eight lines, that presents a conflict or dilemma, followed by a sestet, or set of six lines, that offers some resolution or commentary upon the proposition introduced in the octave. Read the poem carefully and complete the following table on the structure of the poem.
|Octave||ab, ab, ac, dc||The statue of Ozymandias is described.|
|Sestet||ab, ac, ac||The boastful and arrogant words are as empty as the bare and boastful sand and that man is Insignificant before the supremacy of time and nature.|
The poem, as an Italian sonnet, can be divided into two parts: the first eight lines (octave) and the next six lines (sestet). If the octave part describes the fragments of a sculpture the traveller sees on an ancient ruin, the sestet goes further to record the words on the pedestal and then describe the surrounding emptiness. The words on the pedestal are in contrast to both the octave and the last three lines (triplet) of the poem.
Complete the table listing the poetic devices used by Shelley in Ozymandias.
|Poetic Device||Lines from the poem|
|Alliteration||… and sneer of cold command|
|Synecdoche (substitution of a part to stand for the whole, or the whole to stand for a part)||the hand that mock’d them|
Repetition of a initial sound
Two vast and trunkless legs …
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed;
boundless and bare
lone and level sands stretch …………
Inversion of the normal word order
… well those passions read (normally, read those passions well)
Enjambement (also spelled without the first e)
Carrying the sense of one line of verse over to the next line without a pause
… a shattered visage lies, whose frown,
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,
“Whose frown, And wrinkled lip is the enjambement.
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare
‘round the decay begins the enjambement.
Substitution of a part to stand for the whole, or the whole to stand for a part
The hand that mocked them,
Imagine that Ozymandias comes back to life and as he sees the condition of his statue, realisation dawns on him and he pens his thoughts in a diary. As Ozymandias, make this diary entry in about 150 words. You could begin like this: I thought I was the mightiest of all but…
I thought I was the mightiest of all but I feel sad to see the condition of my statue, lying in dust It grieves me to see the statue broken and the head cut off from the body. The face is half sunken in the sand. Around it nothing can be seen except vast stretches of bare sand. No one is there to admire and praise it. I once thought myself to be the greatest ruler and the people honoured me. The people should look at it and should know that nothing can be changed. The sculptors who had noted my expressions in my statue cannot make r.ight what has been destroyed. It teaches me a lesson that everything comes to an end and nothing remains forever. So one should not be proud of oneself.
‘Ozymandias’ and ‘Not Marble, nor the Gilded Monuments’ are on Time. Compare the two sonnets in terms of the way in which Time is treated by the poets. Write your answer in about 150 words.
Shakespeare in his sonnet ‘Not Marble, nor the Gilded Monuments’ written on time expresses that monuments are made for the wealthy to keep the memory of someone alive. Stone can be altered by the immortalities of time.
This poem will leave behind the material things of life but his poem shall survive longer than any gold plated monument. It will be portrayed for all time and his subject will shine when devastating wars of time shall overturn statues. The cause of war (Mars) nor the effects of war (fire) shall destroy the loving memory.
In ‘Ozymandias’ the poet has treated time in a different manner. He says with the passage of time everything is destroyed, be it king, property or monument. The king who was so terrified and those who commanded no longer have any power. Poet comments on temporal nature of the things humans strive for but with time everything vanishes. Ozymandias’ empire ceased to exist. His statue will also expire. Only sand will remain.
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